Perioperative Nursing Introduction to Operating Room Nursing lecture

Introduction to Operating Room Nursing lecture. Contains detailed lecture on the perioperative period, classification and types of surgery, etc.

  1. The branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of surgery, deformity or disease by manual or instrumental means.  3 phases : (Perioperative phase) Pre-Operative Intra-Operative Post-operative
  3. Identification of physiological, psychological, sociological needs of patient and implementation of nursing care Based on the knowledge of the natural and behavioral science In order to restore, or maintain the health and welfare of the patient during and after the surgical intervention
  4.  Correct deformities or defects
  5.  Repair Injuries
  6.  Alter form or structure
  7.  Diagnose and Cure Disease Process
  8.  Relieve Suffering
  9.  Prolong Life
  11.  Preserve Life  Maintain Dynamic Body Equilibrium  Undergo Diagnostic Procedures  Prevent Infection and Healing  Obtain Comfort  Ensure ability to earn a living  Restore or reconstruct organ that is malformed  To alter cosmetic appearance
  12. Congenital Acquired Trauma Anomalies
  13.  According to Purpose 1. Diagnostic – to establish presence of disease 2. Exploratory – to determine extent of disease 3. Curative – to treat disease condition 4. Ablative – involves removal of an organ 5. Constructive – involves repair of congenitally defective organs 6. Reconstructive – involves repair of damaged organ 7. Palliative – to relieve distressing signs and symptoms, not necessarily to cure
  14.  MAJOR SURGERY – HIGH RISK 1. Extensive 2. Prolonged 3. Large amount of blood loss 4. Vital organ may be handled or removed 5. Great risk of complication  MINOR SURGERY 1. Generally not prolonged 2. Leads to few serious complications 3. Involves less risk
  15.  Emergency – to be done immediately to save life or limb  Imperative – to be done within 24 – 48 hours  Planned / Required – necessary for well-being  Elective – not absolutely necessary for survival, delay or omission will not cause adverse effect  Optional – Requested by the client usually for aesthetic purposes  Day (Ambulatory) - done on an outpatient basis
  16.  Obstructions – impairment to the flow of vital fluids
  17.  Perforations – rupture of an organ
  18.  Erosions – wearing off of a surface or membrane
  19.  Tumors – abnormal cell growth of tissue that serves no physiologic function in the body
  20. 1. Malnutrition 2. Obesity 3. Presence of disease such as : Cardiac problem, URTI, Renal diseases, DM, Liver Diseases 4. Age 5. Concurrent or prior pharmacotherapy 6. Nature of the condition 7. Location of the condition 8. Magnitude and extent of surgical procedure 9. Mental attitude of the person toward surgery 10. Caliber of the professional staff and health care facilities
  21.  Stress response is elicited  Defense against infection is lowered  Vascular system is disrupted  Organ functions may be disturbed  Lifestyles may change
  22.  Prefixes – A, Ecto-, Intra-, Inter-, Pan-, Peri-, Poly-, Pseudo-, Retro-  Suffixes – Algia, -centesis, -copy, -ectomy, - itis, -lith, -logy, -lysis, -oma, -ostomy, -pexy, - plasty, -rrhapy  Rootwords – Adeno, Arthro, Auto, Blephar, Cardio, Cephalo, Cerebro, Cheil, Chole, Cholecyst, Choledocho, Chondro, Colpo, Costo, Cranio, Gastro, Hepar, Hyster, Lapar, Nephro, Oculo, Oophoro, Orchi, Osteo, Oto, Phlebo, Pyel, Salphingo

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